- ANFAC automotive employer negotiates with the European Commission reduced VAT (4%) or exemption for electric vehicles.
- In Spain the penetration of this technology is very low due to lack of stable and lasting support.
- The MOVEA was a success, and died success.
Tesla Model S in Amsterdam - Photo: David van der Mark (Flickr) CC BY SA
Currently the electric cars They have in Spain the same tax treatment as a model gasoline or diesel hybridity or not to emit no more than 120 grams of CO2 per kilometer. In other words, they support 21% VAT (general) and a stretch of 0% in VRT.
They represent 0.3% of the market for new vehicles
Electric have a high initial cost of acquisition by the technological overpricing -mainly by BATTERIES- and they require little hand by the Administration. In those countries that have favored their sales results have been noticed much, and Norway is the best example of that philosophy.
Nevertheless, Spain has the potential to become the first European market for electric cars. It's what you think Marco Toro, the head of Nissan Iberia, provided they give the right conditions, as a more attractive tax system that encourages more pioneers to switch to electricity. Nissan has requested the VAT exemption for electric cars.
The proposal would mean that electric Nissan would not pay VAT or tax, so do not contribute directly to the state treasury, although with spare parts, maintenance, associated services (insurance, advertising), etc. Yes municipalities would raise, although little, by the IVTM, the "number" or tax.
EU in the area only Austria has a reduced VAT for electric cars
The truth is that electric have more or less advantages in Spain depending on local corporations. There are municipalities that allow them to park free in blue / green areas, recharge free, traffic flow when the internal combustion vehicles is closed, etc.
There loose advantages such as price reduction of tolls. The rest of effort incentive do the manufacturers themselves with aggressive promotions or grant / gift home charger. Statewide Plan had the MOVEA but practically sold out in one day. to encourage a more stable sales method is necessary.
The Spanish Association of Automobile and Truck Manufacturers (ANFAC) is negotiating with the European Commission a general reduction in VAT on these vehicles. This requires changing Directive 2003/96 / EC, which governs the taxation of energy products and electricity. Reduce VAT involves raising less, which it is not a priori attractive for the government.
However, raise less does not have to be a bad thing because electrical generating positive externalities: They do not pollute wherever it circulate and make no noise, so helping to reduce health spending. They also reduce oil imports and stabilize electricity consumption. In addition, a growing fleet of electric encourages the placement of charging and reduces fear of new customers.
In Spain there are about 15,000 electric third are Renault. 2020 should have 300,000 circulating VE
And it is that electric are very resistant to time vehicles. We can cite as an example the Nissan Leaf the first Spanish driver to choose it, with more than 300,000 kilometers it has not even needed a change of brake pads, oil filters and even less. Of course it has not changed clutch, turbo, flow meter, ... particle filter because it has none of that.
Nissan Leaf 2018
The alternative to suprimirles VAT would adopt a very low rate of 4%, equivalent to vehicles disabled (PMR) or taxis. As is the national tax system, it would be fairer. The models would benefit the most expensive, see the Tesla and other premium models.
Norway EFTA-in area is no European Union-and the consequences are much incentive, the market has grown a lot but new problems are emerging, such as congestion rail electric bus which can use-. The Nordic country could backtrack on policy incentives or benefit them both. Sure you can be a happy medium to Spain.
From January to September 5342 they were registered in Spain VE
The electrical system that would benefit thousands of electric cars would consume electricity when "surplus" at peak times, reducing system costs for the entire network. In Spain you "surplus" electricity sometimes, but never leftover oil. Only for that, You have to encourage the sale of these vehicles if less taxes are collected at first.